Among the processes for making final products using fibers, the final process can be called a sewing process. The sewing process generally corresponds to the process that requires the most manpower in the production of textile products. The cost of sewing has gradually increased due to the recent rise in labor costs. The automation of the sewing process and the smart factory are expected to be carried out along with the fourth industrial revolution. In order to make the sewing factories smart, it is essential to apply smart sensing technology to the sewing machines. Also, sewing Process In order to grasp real-time situation, a system to monitor the status of each machine is needed. This study can be regarded as a part of technology development for automation and unmanned sewing process for final CPS(cyber-physical system) implementation. Three techniques have been developed in the sewing machine modification technology to assist the smarting and sewing process of the sewing machine. Three kinds of developed technology are a bobbin remaining amount detecting technique, stitch length control, and monitoring techniques. As a result of step-by-step technology development to realize CPS finally, it is a partial technology development of automation through some modification of sewing machine. The developed technology is expected to be used as a technology for future smart sewing automation plant construction
This study focuses on the construction of a CPS system to realize a smart factory by deriving three representative processes (fabric, dyeing, sewing) among textile streams. Figure 1 shows the data flow of CPS based inter-stream smart manufacturing system. The rectangle marked with read lines represents the part for detecting and controlling the sewer data for the smart of the sewing process which is the core of this research.
In order to make smart factory of sewing factory, it is necessary to prevent worker’s mistakes and to record and confirm the current work. Figure 7 shows the position where the residual under-thread detection device and the stitch automatic control device are to be attached in the sewing machine being used in the sewing factory. In order to automatically adjust the stitches, the information about the fabric currently being worked on is entered in advance, so that the number of stitches can be automatically adjusted.It is a study to apply smart factory to the textile industry in this research and development. A study on the smartization of sewing process among several textile streams was conducted.[12-13] In order to make the sewing machine smart, we applied the same sewing machine which is used in the present industrial field and modified the sewing machine. First, the residual amount of the under-thread was detected to reduce the worker’s mistake and product defect. Secondly, in the sewing industry where workers are aging, it is possible to control the automatic stitch number according to the product type. Next, monitoring of the overall sewing process requires further work on the presser foot pressure control, tension control, POP(point of production) system and all monitoring data interlocks. https://www.vssewingmachine.in/